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Unter dem Begriff Meme werden verschiedene Manifestierungen eines Kulturphänomens zusammengefasst, das sich durch das Verbreiten kleiner Medieninhalte mit einer meist humoristischen, aufheiternden oder manchmal auch satirischen und entsprechend. Erstellen Sie einfach & kostenlos Memes online aus Ihren Videos, Bildern und GIFs. Mach deine eigenen Meme in Sekundenschnelle Online. Auf der ganzen Welt öffnen sich die Meme gerade dem Publikum. Jetzt kannst du mit Crello deine. Literatur Adamic, Lada A./Eytan Adar/Matthew P. Simmons,»Memes Online: Extracted, Subtracted, Injected, and Recollected«, Short Paper, International AAAI. Funny memes images – Funniest memes and images online Lustige Meme Bilder & Lustigste Meme und Bilder online The post Lustige Meme Bilder & Lustigste.

Online Meme

Unter dem Begriff Meme (ausgesprochen [miːm], Mehrzahl Memes) werden verschiedene Siehe auch[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Liste bekannter Internetphänomene · Know Your Meme, Online-Enzyklopädie über einzelne Memes. Literatur Adamic, Lada A./Eytan Adar/Matthew P. Simmons,»Memes Online: Extracted, Subtracted, Injected, and Recollected«, Short Paper, International AAAI. Unter dem Begriff Meme werden verschiedene Manifestierungen eines Kulturphänomens zusammengefasst, das sich durch das Verbreiten kleiner Medieninhalte mit einer meist humoristischen, aufheiternden oder manchmal auch satirischen und entsprechend. - Lustige Meme Bilder – Lustigste Meme und Bilder online Lustige Meme Bilder Lustigste Meme und Bilder online #komisch. Um solche Memes zu entwickeln, kann auf Online-Meme-Generatoren zugegriffen werden (vgl. bspw. bilgisayarkursu.co). Damit gilt: „Memes sind. Unter dem Begriff Meme (ausgesprochen [miːm], Mehrzahl Memes) werden verschiedene Siehe auch[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Liste bekannter Internetphänomene · Know Your Meme, Online-Enzyklopädie über einzelne Memes. Feb 26, - Lustige Meme Bilder - Lustigste Meme und Bilder online - Entertainment Lustige Meme Bilder Lustigste Meme und Bilder online Lustige Meme. Mar 7, - Lustige Meme Bilder Lustigste Meme und Bilder online. In: Rostrum Law Review. Für den Druck. Dein Design bearbeiten Passe die Vorlage für dein Mem mit visit web page intuitiven, integrierten Bearbeitungswerkzeugen in Crello an deinen Geschmack und deine Bedürfnisse an: Schriften und Farben mischen, zuschneiden und drehen, Elemente gruppieren und Gruppierung aufheben, spiegeln oder Filter hinzufügen. Möchtest du Hotmailc aufgepepptes Video-Mem erstellen? Individuell anpassen.

Online Meme - Navigationsmenü

Die meisten Memes zeigen jedoch Personen des öffentlichen Lebens oder Comic-Figuren, bei denen die Urheberrechte direkt bei den Produzenten liegen. Januar Memes, die sich urheberrechtlich geschützter Inhalte bedienen, seien nicht immer originell genug, um als legitime Weiterverwendung des Originalwerkes angesehen zu werden. Juni , S. Teilweise werden Memes für virales Marketing eingesetzt. Zum Meme-Gestalter gehen.

Here you go: imgflip. A : We don't like bothering people with ads, and we want you to be able to support Imgflip in a way that gives you the best experience.

Before we introduced this, there was no way to remove the watermark from memes without paying for the full Imgflip Pro , which is more expensive.

Flip Through Images. Easily add text to images or memes. Auto Color White Black. Include NSFW. Used as background since this image contains transparency.

Click to change. More Options Add Text. Note: font can be customized per-textbox by clicking the gear icon.

Use resolution of original template image, do not resize. Potentially higher quality, but larger filesize.

Pro-tip: If you Login or Join Imgflip , your captioned memes will be saved in your account. Private must download image to save or share.

Create Anonymously. Remove "imgflip. Bored of making memes? Try making a GIF instead! What is the Meme Generator?

How can I customize my meme? It all exists inside the browser Mac, Windows, Android, iPhones, Chromebooks, iPads, and more , so there's no downloads necessary to make it work.

Instead of a meme generator app, you can use Kapwing on your phone and computer to create memes from anywhere.

Dank memes, funny memes, dark memes, cute memes: we serve all types of creators. Join the Kapwing community by generating your first meme template.

Get started. Or, start with a basic meme template:. How to create a meme online. Upload a video, GIF, or image directly to Kapwing.

You can also paste a link from Youtube, Twitter, etc! Create your meme by adding text to the correct sections of your image or video.

You can drag and drop to set the position, and easily change font options. Just hit "Create", and your final meme will be produced.

Kapwing is completely free to use and requires no downloads! The easiest way to generate a meme online.

How-to Resources.

Read more should be pronounced to rhyme with 'cream'. Für den Druck. Design personalisieren. Objekte erkunden. Möchtest du ein aufgepepptes Video-Mem erstellen? März Individuell anpassen.

There are hundreds of ready-to-go illustrations to choose from within the platform. While most memes involve just one image, Adobe Spark lets you add several.

Select an image of your own or one of the thousands of license-free photos provided within the platform.

You can then make changes to the font, text size and text color. Memes have taken the world of social media by storm in recent years.

Some are funny, and others are informative. If you want to create a viral meme, you need to start with a great idea. Then, you need an eye-catching image and the software to put everything together.

Use Adobe Spark Post as a meme maker, and your next big idea might just go viral around the world. Make as many changes as you wish to color schemes, images, text, alignment, and themes.

This is your chance to be creative, so experiment with different design combinations. The increasing trend towards irony in meme culture has resulted in absurdist memes not unlike postmodern art.

Many Internet memes have several layers of meaning built off of other memes, not being understandable unless the viewer has seen all previous memes.

Matt Furie's cartoon character Pepe the Frog became an Internet meme when its popularity steadily grew across Myspace , Gaia Online and 4chan in In , images of Pepe were shared on social media by celebrities such as Katy Perry and Nicki Minaj.

This resulted in a significant rise in popularity. Since , "Rare Pepes" have been posted on the satirical "meme market" as if they were trading cards.

During the United States presidential election , Pepe became associated with racism , the alt-right , and support for Donald Trump. The site is popular with the alt-right.

Pepe's likeness was used by protestors in the ongoing Hong Kong anti-extradition bill protests as a symbol of defiance and resistance to the government of Mainland China.

In contrast with the meme's public perception in the West, protestors saw it as a cartoon that "looks funny and captures the hearts of so many youngsters.

It is a symbol of youth participation in this movement. After the success of the application Vine , a format of memes emerged in the form of short videos and scripted sketches.

With the usage of Vine and TikTok, the short-form videos are used on other social media sites, such as Twitter, as a form of reacting and responding to posts.

These videos become replicated into other contexts and often become part of Internet culture. This meme later became known as Hit or Miss.

Hit or Miss has been remixed as well, including by other social media influencers such as Belle Delphine. A satirical subculture on the kind of talks and stocks found normally on Wall Street, in September a form of currency involving memes was created.

It is currently not for profit and instead considered a social experiment to see how people assign value to commonplace and otherwise valueless things.

Public relations, advertising, and marketing professionals have embraced Internet memes as a form of viral marketing and guerrilla marketing to create marketing " buzz " for their product or service.

The practice of using memes to market products or services is known as memetic marketing. To this end, businesses have taken to attempting two methods of using memes to increase publicity and sales of their company; either creating a meme or attempting to adapt or perpetuate an existing one.

Marketers, for example, use Internet memes to create interest in films that would otherwise not generate positive publicity among critics.

The film Snakes on a Plane generated much publicity via this method. Examples of memetic marketing include the FreeCreditReport.

The eligibility of any memes to get copyright protection would depend on the copyright law of the country in which such protection is sought.

Some of the most popular formats of memes are cinematographic stills, personal or stock photographs, rage comics , and illustrations meant to be a meme.

The still is generally accompanied by a superimposed text of which conveys a distinctive idea or comment, such as the Boromir meme [58] or Gru's Plan.

Other memes are created based on online phenomena or individually-created content. Photographs of people or animals, especially stock photos, can be turned into memes by superimposing text, often to depict an emotion such as in the Distracted Boyfriend and Overly Attached Girlfriend memes.

Other memes are purely viral sensations such as in Keyboard Cat and Bongo Cat. Under United States copyright law, a creation receives copyright protection if it satisfies four conditions under 17 U.

Broadly memes could fall under any of the heads of pictorial, graphical or motion picture. In copyright law, ideas cannot get copyright protection but the expression of an idea can be protected.

This is fundamental to copyright law. This means that the form and manner in which an idea is expressed is protected not the idea itself.

This was given in the case of Baker v. Since a meme is essentially a comment, satire, ridicule or expression of an emotion it constitutes the expression of an idea.

For the meme to successfully claim protection, it would have to show that it is original work of the author and has a modest amount of creativity, since the United States has a low threshold for what constitutes creativity [66].

Memes are comments about the popular culture or social ideas and therefore the use of the text would have some amount of creativity.

The medium here could be a book, musical recording, video and has also been widened to include publication on the Internet.

Under Section 2 c [68] of the Indian Copyright Act, , a meme could be classified as an 'artistic work' which states that an artistic work includes painting, sculpture, drawing including a diagram, map, chart or plan , an engraving or a photograph, whether or not any such work possesses artistic quality.

If it is found that the meme has made use of a copyrighted work, such as the movie still or photograph without due permission from the original owner, it would amount to copyright infringement.

Rage comics and memes created for the sole purpose of becoming memes would normally be original works of the creator and therefore, the question of infringing other copyright work does not arise.

There are defenses available for such use in various jurisdictions which could exempt the meme from attracting liability for the infringement.

Fair use is a defense under 17 U. The section provides that if a copyrighted work is reproduced for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship or research, it would not amount to infringement.

Notably for memes, the use of the term "such as" in the section denotes that the list is not exhaustive but merely illustrative. Furthermore, the factors mentioned in the section are subjective in nature and the weight of each factor varies on a case to case basis.

The purpose and character of the use involve how the original copyrighted work's purpose differs from the meme's purpose, as well as commercial uses of products that use copyrighted material.

In Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. Memes are transformative in nature as they have no relation to the original work and the motive behind the communication of the meme is personal, in terms of disseminating humour to the public.

Such memes being transformative would be covered by fair use. Purpose and character of use weighs in against memes which have been used for commercial purposes because then the work has not been created for the communication of humour but for economic gain.

The nature of the copyrighted work weighs asks what the differences between the meme and the other material are. This factor applies to many types of memes because the original work is an artistic creation that has been published and thus the latter enjoys protection under copyright which the memes are violating.

However, as memes are transformative, this factor does not have a lot of weight. The amount and substantiality of the portion used tests not only the quantity of the work copied but the quality that is copied as well.

Nation Enterprises clarified this position. For cinematograph still, only a small portion of the entire film is copied whereas for rage comics and personal photographs, the entire portion has been used to create the meme.

Despite this, all categories of memes would be considered to be falling under fair use because the text that is added to those images adds value, without which it would just be picture.

Lastly, the effect on the market offers court analysis on whether the meme would cause harm to the actual market of the original copyright work and also the harm it could cause to the potential market.

Warner Brothers was sued for infringing the Nyan Cat meme by using it its game Scribblenauts. Any distribution of a work which has a copyright, wholly or partly, would constitute an infringing copy under Section 2 m i [79] of the Copyright Act, India follows a Fair Dealing approach as an exception to copyright infringement under Section 52 1 a [79] for the purposes of private or personal use, criticism or review.

The analysis requires three steps: the amount and substantiality of dealing, the purpose of copying, and the effect on potential markets.

The amount of sustainability of dealing asks about how much of the original work is used in the meme, or how the meme transforms the original content.

A meme makes use to existing copyright work whether it is a cinematograph still, rage comic, personal photograph or a meme made for the purpose of being a meme.

However, since a meme is made for comedic purposes, taken out of context of the original work, they are transforming the work and creating a new work.

The purpose of copying factors in the purpose of the meme compared to the purpose of the original work. Under Section 52 1 a [79] the purpose is restricted to criticism or review.

A meme, as long as it is a parody or a criticism of the original work would be protected under the exception but once an element of commercialization comes in, they would no longer be exempted and because the purpose no longer falls under the those mentioned in the section.

Memes generally do not have an effect on the potential market for a work. There must be no intention on part of the infringer to compete with the original owner of the work and derive profits from it.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Concept that spreads from person to person via the Internet. An Opte Project visualization of routing paths through a portion of the Internet.

Information infrastructure. Book Index Outline. Main article: Pepe the Frog. See also: Vine service. See also: Reaction Video. Main article: Fair use.

Main article: Fair dealing. But if you contribute to the world's culture, if you have a good idea Socrates may or may not have a gene or two alive in the world today, as G.

Williams has remarked, but who cares? The meme-complexes of Socrates, Leonardo , Copernicus and Marconi are still going strong.

Although Dawkins invented the term meme , he has not claimed that the idea was entirely novel, [25] and there have been other expressions for similar ideas in the past.

Memes, analogously to genes, vary in their aptitude to replicate; successful memes remain and spread, whereas unfit ones stall and are forgotten.

Thus memes that prove more effective at replicating and surviving are selected in the meme pool. Memes first need retention.

The longer a meme stays in its hosts, the higher its chances of propagation are. When a host uses a meme, the meme's life is extended.

A meme which increases the longevity of its hosts will generally survive longer. On the contrary, a meme which shortens the longevity of its hosts will tend to disappear faster.

However, as hosts are mortal, retention is not sufficient to perpetuate a meme in the long term; memes also need transmission.

Life-forms can transmit information both vertically from parent to child, via replication of genes and horizontally through viruses and other means.

Memes can replicate vertically or horizontally within a single biological generation. They may also lie dormant for long periods of time.

Memes reproduce by copying from a nervous system to another one, either by communication or imitation. Imitation often involves the copying of an observed behavior of another individual.

Communication may be direct or indirect, where memes transmit from one individual to another through a copy recorded in an inanimate source, such as a book or a musical score.

Adam McNamara has suggested that memes can be thereby classified as either internal or external memes i-memes or e-memes.

Some commentators have likened the transmission of memes to the spread of contagions. Observers distinguish the contagious imitation of memes from instinctively contagious phenomena such as yawning and laughing, which they consider innate rather than socially learned behaviors.

Aaron Lynch described seven general patterns of meme transmission, or "thought contagion": [31]. Dawkins initially defined meme as a noun that "conveys the idea of a unit of cultural transmission, or a unit of imitation ".

Wilkins retained the notion of meme as a kernel of cultural imitation while emphasizing the meme's evolutionary aspect, defining the meme as "the least unit of sociocultural information relative to a selection process that has favorable or unfavorable selection bias that exceeds its endogenous tendency to change".

A meme could consist of a single word, or a meme could consist of the entire speech in which that word first occurred.

This forms an analogy to the idea of a gene as a single unit of self-replicating information found on the self-replicating chromosome.

While the identification of memes as "units" conveys their nature to replicate as discrete, indivisible entities, it does not imply that thoughts somehow become quantized or that " atomic " ideas exist that cannot be dissected into smaller pieces.

A meme has no given size. Susan Blackmore writes that melodies from Beethoven 's symphonies are commonly used to illustrate the difficulty involved in delimiting memes as discrete units.

The inability to pin an idea or cultural feature to quantifiable key units is widely acknowledged as a problem for memetics.

It has been argued however that the traces of memetic processing can be quantified utilizing neuroimaging techniques which measure changes in the connectivity profiles between brain regions.

To illustrate, she notes evolution selects for the gene for features such as eye color; it does not select for the individual nucleotide in a strand of DNA.

Memes play a comparable role in understanding the evolution of imitated behaviors. Lumsden and E. Wilson proposed the theory that genes and culture co-evolve, and that the fundamental biological units of culture must correspond to neuronal networks that function as nodes of semantic memory.

They coined their own word, " culturgen ", which did not catch on. Coauthor Wilson later acknowledged the term meme as the best label for the fundamental unit of cultural inheritance in his book Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge , which elaborates upon the fundamental role of memes in unifying the natural and social sciences.

Dawkins noted the three conditions that must exist for evolution to occur: [34]. Dawkins emphasizes that the process of evolution naturally occurs whenever these conditions co-exist, and that evolution does not apply only to organic elements such as genes.

He regards memes as also having the properties necessary for evolution, and thus sees meme evolution as not simply analogous to genetic evolution, but as a real phenomenon subject to the laws of natural selection.

Dawkins noted that as various ideas pass from one generation to the next, they may either enhance or detract from the survival of the people who obtain those ideas, or influence the survival of the ideas themselves.

For example, a certain culture may develop unique designs and methods of tool -making that give it a competitive advantage over another culture.

Each tool-design thus acts somewhat similarly to a biological gene in that some populations have it and others do not, and the meme's function directly affects the presence of the design in future generations.

In keeping with the thesis that in evolution one can regard organisms simply as suitable "hosts" for reproducing genes, Dawkins argues that one can view people as "hosts" for replicating memes.

Consequently, a successful meme may or may not need to provide any benefit to its host. Unlike genetic evolution, memetic evolution can show both Darwinian and Lamarckian traits.

Cultural memes will have the characteristic of Lamarckian inheritance when a host aspires to replicate the given meme through inference rather than by exactly copying it.

Take for example the case of the transmission of a simple skill such as hammering a nail, a skill that a learner imitates from watching a demonstration without necessarily imitating every discrete movement modeled by the teacher in the demonstration, stroke for stroke.

Clusters of memes, or memeplexes also known as meme complexes or as memecomplexes , such as cultural or political doctrines and systems, may also play a part in the acceptance of new memes.

Memeplexes comprise groups of memes that replicate together and coadapt. As an example, John D. Gottsch discusses the transmission, mutation and selection of religious memeplexes and the theistic memes contained.

Similar memes are thereby included in the majority of religious memeplexes, and harden over time; they become an "inviolable canon" or set of dogmas , eventually finding their way into secular law.

This could also be referred to as the propagation of a taboo. The discipline of memetics, which dates from the mids, provides an approach to evolutionary models of cultural information transfer based on the concept of the meme.

Memeticists have proposed that just as memes function analogously to genes , memetics functions analogously to genetics. Memetics attempts to apply conventional scientific methods such as those used in population genetics and epidemiology to explain existing patterns and transmission of cultural ideas.

Principal criticisms of memetics include the claim that memetics ignores established advances in other fields of cultural study, such as sociology , cultural anthropology , cognitive psychology , and social psychology.

Questions remain whether or not the meme concept counts as a validly disprovable scientific theory.

This view regards memetics as a theory in its infancy: a protoscience to proponents, or a pseudoscience to some detractors.

There seems no reason to think that the same balance will exist in the selection pressures on memes. Luis Benitez-Bribiesca M.

As a factual criticism, Benitez-Bribiesca points to the lack of a "code script" for memes analogous to the DNA of genes , and to the excessive instability of the meme mutation mechanism that of an idea going from one brain to another , which would lead to a low replication accuracy and a high mutation rate, rendering the evolutionary process chaotic.

British political philosopher John Gray has characterized Dawkins's memetic theory of religion as "nonsense" and "not even a theory Another critique comes from semiotic theorists such as Deacon [40] and Kull.

The meme is thus described in memetics as a sign lacking a triadic nature. Semioticians can regard a meme as a "degenerate" sign, which includes only its ability of being copied.

Accordingly, in the broadest sense, the objects of copying are memes, whereas the objects of translation and interpretation are signs.

Fracchia and Lewontin regard memetics as reductionist and inadequate. Opinions differ as to how best to apply the concept of memes within a "proper" disciplinary framework.

One view sees memes as providing a useful philosophical perspective with which to examine cultural evolution. Proponents of this view such as Susan Blackmore and Daniel Dennett argue that considering cultural developments from a meme's-eye view— as if memes themselves respond to pressure to maximise their own replication and survival—can lead to useful insights and yield valuable predictions into how culture develops over time.

Others such as Bruce Edmonds and Robert Aunger have focused on the need to provide an empirical grounding for memetics to become a useful and respected scientific discipline.

A third approach, described by Joseph Poulshock, as "radical memetics" seeks to place memes at the centre of a materialistic theory of mind and of personal identity.

Prominent researchers in evolutionary psychology and anthropology , including Scott Atran , Dan Sperber , Pascal Boyer , John Tooby and others, argue the possibility of incompatibility between modularity of mind and memetics.

Januar ]. Teilweise werden Memes für virales Marketing eingesetzt. Die meisten Memes zeigen jedoch Personen des öffentlichen Lebens oder Comic-Figuren, bei denen die Urheberrechte direkt bei den Produzenten liegen. Konvertiere einfach deine Meme-Vorlage in eines von 4 animierten Online Meme, füge coole Objekte, Hintergründe oder Videoinhalte hinzu und teile deine Kreation mit der Welt! Im erschienenen Hotmailc Buch Das egoistische Gen wurde von Richard Dawkins der englische Begriff meme geprägt, um das Verbreiten kultureller Informationen zu beschreiben. Musst du Inhalte veröffentlichen, die auf Echtzeit-Trends reagieren? Der Linguist Robert Sedlaczek vermerkt, das Wort Meme stehe zwar in keinem Wörterbuch, werde aber für Bilder oder Videos verwendet, read more mit einem prägnanten Text versehen Dragons Mtg, um sie über soziale Netzwerke rasch zu verbreiten. Partner Partnerprogramm. Wiener Zeitung, Zur Bildbearbeitung. Für Social Media. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Zunehmend lassen sich auch auf Demonstrationen ausgedruckte oder nachgemalte Memes erblicken.

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